Markdown files

You can write content in regular markdown files (e.g., files ending in .md). Jupyter Book supports any markdown syntax that is supported by Jupyter Notebooks. Jupyter Notebook markdown is a slight extension of a flavor of markdown called CommonMark Markdown. It has many elements for standard text processing, though it lacks a lot of features used for publishing and documentation.


If you’d like a more in-depth overview and guide to CommonMark markdown, see the CommonMark markdown tutorial.

This page describes some basic features of Jupyter Notebook markdown, and how to include them with your book.

Embedding media

Adding images

You can reference external media like images from your markdown file. If you use relative paths, then they will continue to work when the markdown files are copied over, so long as they point to a file that’s inside of the repository.

Here’s an image relative to the book content root

It was generated with this code:


Adding movies

You can even embed references to movies on the web! For example, here’s a little gif for you!

This will be included in your book when it is built.


Jupyter Book uses the excellent MathJax library, along with the default Jupyter Notebook configuration, for rendering mathematics from latex-style syntax.

For example, here’s a mathematical expression rendered with MathJax:

\[\begin{split} \begin{align} P(A_1 \cup A_2 \cup A_3) & = P(B \cup A_3) \\ & = P(B) + P(A_3) - P(BA_3) \\ &= P(A_1) + P(A_2) - P(A_1A_2) + P(A_3) - P(A_1A_3 \cup A_2A_3) \\ &= \sum_{i=1}^3 P(A_i) - \mathop{\sum \sum}_{1 \le i < j \le 3} P(A_iA_j) + P(A_1A_2A_3) \end{align} \end{split}\]

Block-level math

You can include block-level math by wrapping your math in $$ characters. For example, the following block:

wow = its^{math}

Results in this output:

\[ wow = its^{math} \]

You can also include math blocks by using latex-style syntax using \begin{align*}. For example, the following block:

yep = its_more^math

Results in:

\begin{align*} yep = its_more^math \end{align*}

For more information about math with Jupyter Book, see Math and Equations.

Extended markdown with MyST Markdown

In addition to CommonMark markdown, Jupyter Book also supports a more fully-featured version of markdown called MyST Markdown. This is a slight addition to CommonMark that includes syntactic pieces that are useful for publishing computational narratives. For more information about MyST Markdown, see MyST Markdown Overview.