Markdown files

You can write content in regular Markdown files (e.g., files ending in .md). Jupyter Book supports any Markdown syntax that is supported by Jupyter notebooks. Jupyter Notebook Markdown is an extension of a flavour of Markdown called CommonMark Markdown. It has many elements for standard text processing, though it lacks a lot of features used for publishing and documentation.

Note

If you’d like a more in-depth overview and guide to CommonMark Markdown, see the CommonMark Markdown tutorial.

This page describes some basic features of the Jupyter Notebook Markdown, and how to include them with your book.

Embedding media

Adding images

You can reference external media like images from your Markdown file. If you use relative paths, then they will continue to work when the Markdown files are copied over, so long as they point to a file that’s inside of the repository.

Here’s an image relative to the book content root

C-3PO_droid

It was generated with this code:

![C-3PO_droid](../images/C-3PO_droid.png)

See also

Images and figures for more information.

Adding movies

You can even embed references to movies on the web! For example, here’s a little GIF for you!

giphy

This will be included in your book when it is built.

Mathematics

For HTML outputs, Jupyter Book uses the excellent MathJax library, along with the default Jupyter Notebook configuration, for rendering mathematics from LaTeX-style syntax.

For example, here’s a mathematical expression rendered with MathJax:

\[\begin{split} P(A_1 \cup A_2 \cup A_3) & = P(B \cup A_3) \\ & = P(B) + P(A_3) - P(BA_3) \\ &= P(A_1) + P(A_2) - P(A_1A_2) + P(A_3) - P(A_1A_3 \cup A_2A_3) \\ &= \sum_{i=1}^3 P(A_i) - \mathop{\sum \sum}_{1 \le i < j \le 3} P(A_iA_j) + P(A_1A_2A_3) \end{split}\]

See also

Math and equations for more information.

Block-level mathematics

You can include block-level mathematics by wrapping your formulas in $$ characters. For example, the following block:

$$
wow = its^{math}
$$

Results in this output:

\[ wow = its^{math} \]

You can also include math blocks by using LaTeX-style syntax using \begin{align*}. For example, the following block:

\begin{align*}
yep = its_{more}^{math}
\end{align*}

Results in:

\[\begin{align*} yep = its_{more}^{math} \end{align*}\]

Important

This requires the MyST extended syntax enabled in your _config.yml:

parse:
  myst_extended_syntax: true

Extended Markdown with MyST Markdown

In addition to CommonMark Markdown, Jupyter Book also supports a more fully-featured version of Markdown called MyST Markdown. This is a superset of CommonMark that includes syntactic pieces that are useful for publishing computational narratives. For more information about MyST Markdown, see MyST Markdown overview.